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Spectacled Cobra
 
 
Description
  • Average length 100 cm,
  • Scales smooth, glossy.
  • Head broad
  • Color, pattern and hood mark variable. Hoodmark sometimes absent.
  • Shades of Brown, Yellow, gray or black
  • Dark or Black patternless spectacled Cobras are frequently mistaken for the Central Asian Cobra.
  • Inject 200-350 mg. venom/bite
  • Lethal dose of venom is 10-20 mg.
  • Poisonous effect can start from 5 min. to 2 hours.
Behavior
  • Mostly it bites at day time early morning & at evening time on routine work
  • Bites at extremities mostly
  • Incidences of bites throughout the year but more at pre monsoon & during monsoon.
  • Active by day and night. This is one of India’s commonest snales.
  • Seen in fields, near streams, rock piles, trees, granaries and grain shops.
  • Often lives in rat holes or termite mounds.
  • Feeds on rodents, toads, frogs, birds and snakes.
  • Lays 12030 eggs between march – July.
  • Females stay with eggs till they hatchout 60 days
  • Fat and alert. Generally shy. If alarmed, may raised forebody and spread hood. If further disturbed, will hiss and strike forcefully.
  • One of india’s Big four medically important snakes
  • Though responsible for many bites, only small percentage is fatal.
 
INCIDENCE OF BITES
 
incidencebites
 
incidencebites
 
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
 
signsandsymptoms
  • Swelling at bite mark
  • Bleeding at bite site,
  • Severe pain at bite site,
  • Vomiting & ghabharaman,
  • Drooping of eyelids,
  • Slurred speech,
  • Difficulty in swallowing,
  • Hypotension & bradycardia,
  • Hypoxic crisis,
  • Respiratory arrest,
  • Cardiac arrest,
  • May be no sign symptom (No need of inj. ASVS) Death.
 
Investigations
 
Investigations
  • Laboratory : CBC, Sugar, Urea, S. Creatinine
  • X-ray Chest to rule out other disorders,ECG
 
Management
 
MildEffect
  • Bite site require :
  • I & D,
  • Debridement Scooping,
  • Skin grafting.
 
Treatment Protocol of Snakebite Patient
 
Click Here to Treatment Protocol of Snakebite Patient
 
  Dr. D. C. Patel M. S. (Gen. Surg.)
     
 

Wide Experience in treating Snake bite patients since last 18 years, with having very less mortality. In year 2004, 449 patients were treated & NOT A SINGLE DEATH WHILE TREATMENT.
(0% Mortality) .

  Excelllence
  Snakebite
  Accident & Trauma
  General Surgery
  Poisoning case
     
 
                 
         
                 
                 
  Non Poisonous Snakes   Poisonous Snakes   Venom & Anti venom   Snakebite Prevention